The SPLA-led disarmament campaign in northern Jonglei was launched against a backdrop of simmering tensions over common property resources and politicized inter-ethnic rivalries.7 Problems emerged in December 2005 after Lou and Gawaar Nuer pastoralists requested permission from the Dinka Hol and Nyarweng from Duk county to graze cattle on their lands.
The Dinka civil authorities requested that the Nuer pastoralists surrender their weapons before grazing their livestock. The Lou Nuer summarily refused, noting that disarmament had never been a precondition. Informal meetings were held with representatives of the white army,8 the Dinka from Duk county, Nuer from Ayod and Fangak counties, and the Jonglei State government. During these meetings it was stressed that a forcible campaign would take place if weapons were not surrendered voluntarily. One reason many civilians were reluctant to disarm was that the terms of the campaign were never entirely clear. Compensation was offered by the Jonglei governor, Philip Thon Lek, a Nyarweng Dinka from Duk county, for voluntarily returned arms, but details concerning the source of these funds were lacking. Not surprisingly, the Lou and Gawaar Nuer refused to hand over their weapons, arguing with some justifi cation that they needed them to defend themselves against neighbouring Murle, who retained their weapons. Simultaneous disarmament was not on offer. A rash of minor skirmishes between the white army and the SPLA erupted during the early stages of the disarmament campaign in January 2006. 9 Crucially, clashes included members of a group within the South Sudan Defence Force (SSDF) led by Simon Gatwitch that had joined the SPLA following the Juba Declaration. In the ensuing mayhem, SPLA forces were scattered, many dying of thirst and hunger. Wutnyang Gatkek, a spiritual leader of the Nuer from Fangak and, more critically, a former white army member, was one of the fi rst people killed when he went to Yuai on behalf of the SPLA to sell the disarmament programme.10 His death amounted to a symbol of the SPLA’s ineffectiveness in convincing local youth to turn in their weapons. It also threatened the onset of inter-clan confl ict between the Nuer and the Dinka, further intensifying demands within the SPLA for military retaliation. Following the white army attack on the SPLA, the Juba leadership of the SPLM/A was seized with the issue. GoSS Security Committee members were divided between those calling for swift retribution against the white army, and those urging restraint. These tensions mirrored deeper splits, between supporters of the previous SPLM/A leader John Garang and those of his successor, Salva Kiir, the current president of the GoSS
14 April 2006 — The South Sudan United Democratic/South Sudan Defense Force (SSUDA/SSDF) would like to inform the Government of Sudan as the “sovereign” power, the international community, the international media, the United Nations and the European Union (EU) that the SPLA has launched a “genocidal and ethnic cleansing war” against the innocent civilian population or “soft targets” in the South. The clear ambition of the SPLA is not to liberate and govern the South democratically but to carry out a program of a “final solution” against targeted ethnic groups and the Nuer nation one the largest, strongest and potentially rich in oil and natural gas, including other strategic critical minerals. The world and the proponents of the corrupt SPLA should know on the onset that the Nuer nation would not accept marginalization, extermination and undemocratic rule in South Sudan. We have the guts and gusto to resist only the SPLA but anyone that supports this monster. The world should know that the SSDF has the capacity to fight the SPLA effectively and professionally. SSDF will not standby doing nothing to protect the civilian population. It will be obliged to undertake “surgical operations” on “hard targets.” to inflict causalities and to halt the massacres, slaughtering and killings throughout South Sudan. Thus far, every attack launched by the SPLA has failed. Tension is high in Malakal town. It would be in the best interest of ant SPLA elements in the area to get out before it is too late.
The Intergovernmental Authority and Development (IGAD), the four sponsors of the so-called CPA in 2005, namely, the USA, the UK, Norway and Italy) and the backers of the SPLA led by killers, renegades and hooligans has declared an onslaught war of genocide, ethnic cleansing and war of attrition against the civilian population. The population targeted for genocide and ethnic cleansing war have been the Nuer one of the largest, strongest, and potential rich and gas in oil in the South. The world should know that the Nuer have the ability to take the fight to SPLA. It has the capacity to occupy all the SPLA controlled areas. No civilians expected to surrender their arms to none-sovereign entity the so-called GOSS in Juba. The SPLA strategy to disarm the civilian population by means of an armed force has failed
The current situation in the South begun with the SPLM/A forces under the command of Cdr. Gony Gai attacked on Yuai town in the Lou-Nuer in Central Upper Nile on 27 February 2006. In this incident, women and children were the victims. Two senior SPLM/A commanders Wut Nyang Gatkek and Gatluak Dak Dieth killed on the spot and Cdr. Thomas Tut Thouch captured and released later. In the aftermath of this provoked incident against innocent civilians, they moved as the dry season approaches to the grazing lands in the Toich (Sudd) (swamps) on the Zeraf River approximately 60 miles West of Yuai. The Yuai incident received no publicity before the UN that has also failed to publicize it.
The second wave of attack against civilian occurred in the Toich under the Command of Cdr. Peter Bol Koang forced out of the Lou-Nuer area in the previous attacked on Yaui. Evidently, Cdr. Peter Bol Koang who defected to SPLA with Dr. Riak Machar in 2000 had orders and directed by his superiors in Juba to undertake a program of selective disarmament of the Nuer on the East Bank perceived to backbone of the anti-Dinka power elite domination.
In the first attack, Cdr. Peter Bol Koang forces were repelled and his Headquarter in Kuacdeng 8 mile south of Ayod captured, including many non-lethal light weapons, ammunition, and Lorries. The SPLA has kidnapped Nuer children and commandeered retreated southwards to Poktab to await reinforcement from Juba and Bhar el-Ghazel. After the arrival of the reinforcement, they launched a second wave of attacked on a cattle kraal killing more than 300 civilian including 60 white Army fighters. They also rustled cattle. This incident could have serious if the SPLA fails to return the kidnapped children to their parents and the rustled cattle to rightful owners.
Jiesh in boor (the White Army) the local SSDF civil defense forces to protect civilian before the arrival of the SSDF regulars initiated the third attack and retook the Kraal. They have repelled and scattered a complete SPLA Brigade under the command of Cdr. Peter Bol Koang. The White Army captured more than a 1000 light weapons (AK-47s and light machine guns), and 3 14.5 (four barrels each) and one BM 23mm all mounted on cars. The White Army is now pursuing the disarrayed SPLA soldiers. They have now captured Kuacdeng, Dukpadiet, Dukmalwal and Poktap, which is the Headquarters of the SPLA for the Greater Upper Nile Region.
On 5 April 2006, the SPLA forces commanded by Bai-Bai Kam launched an attacked on cattle kraal around Makak Village in Eastern Jikang (Cieng Lony). The White Army resisted the selective and provocative disarmament. The SPLA forces retreated to their Headquarter in Jikmiir approximately 18 miles East of Nasir.
On 13 April 2006, the local white Army in Jikmiir (Cieng Nyalieth) launched an attacked the farces and unwanted SPLA elements in the area. They were dispersed o scattered and the SPLA lost of their comrades including officers. NCOS has reported to Nasir and there whereabouts is unknown. They feared dead or captured because they have neither reported to Nasir.
On 12 April 2006, SPLA forces under the command of Johannes Yoal Bath with Lou- launched a revenged attacked on Ulang killing more than 30 people including civilian and soldiers.
According to our sources from Walgak, Central Upper Nile, the attack was a retaliatory measure for the previous attacked on them by SPLA in Eastern Jikany. Specifically, the complaint of the Lou-Nuer Section Jamai/Gatliek) has been that they lost large number of cattle have been rustled in Nyayin on the East Bank of Sobat River because of the past attacks of SPLA and Jikany combined. All these complication have been designed and executed by the most wanted and the most notorious criminal Cdr. George Athor Deng who massacred by burning worshipers in the Church in Ayod has been implicated in the incidents. Additionally, SSUDA/SSDF sources in Malakal have confirmed that the SPLA forces that attached Ulang were under the command of Johannes Yoal Bath who recently defected from the SSDF with General Paulino Matip Nhial to the SPLA. It is the dame Cdr. Johannes Yoal Bath second time to launch such an attack against the civilian in the same area in May 1994 when he gave orders for Nasir town to be burned to ashes. We have information that SPLA has also launched an attack against civilian population on Gila River.
We documented these events to show the world that the SPLM-Khartoum Peace Agreement would soon be in jeopardy. SSUDA/SSDF would soon react to all above-mentioned violations by the SPLA. The goal of the SPLA is to provoke a situation for the UN to intervene at the behest of the SPLA. This is not the purpose of the UN in south Sudan. It purposes is to keep the peace. Nevertheless, the UN has defaulted on many occasions by not having reported extensively and accurately the SPLA activities against the southern population. SSUDA leadership the political wing of the SSDF believes that somebody somewhere is running the shots in favor of the SPLA.
Let us assume that this is the ingenuous strategic plan of the UN Special Envoy Mr. Pronk and The UN Secretary-General, Special Advisor, Dr. Francis Mading Deng, on Sudan, then, it only would be fair to state that the two are doing a political disservice to the UN. They are trying really pushing the South to a new brink of civil war that could produce serious consequences disfavoring the hated SPLA throughout the South.
The political situation is in our favors in the whole South, whereby the SSDF has gained the full support and trust of the local civilians. Although the SSDF is behind all the operations, the white army in all fronts, except the one JIU, visibly leads the operation to show the USAID the main backer of the brutal SPLA. They are backing a criminal organization against South Sudanese people. The recent SPLA war of genocide and extermination against civilian population throughout South Sudan shows the rest of the world that the SPLM/A is the worst enemy of its own people than the north Sudan despite the SPLA false impression that they are liberators.
The SSDF is only directing the war or playing a support unit s role. Moreover, that sounds very painful on the US policy makers that is defeat by it self, since they have done everything for the Dinka power elite to wipe out population using the Dinka ethnic group. The current ongoing strategic US policy in South Sudan has failed. It contradicts the current President Bush’s dream of exporting democracy. It is too late for the Dinka to conquer the fighting Nuers. Historically, the Dinka have never ever ruled anyone n the South. On the other hand, the Nuer have historically occupied and assimilated the Dinka for generations. We know that Dr. Francis Mading Deng, the lobbyists and the so-called smart-ass “white boys” expertise have misled the US Congress and the American people about the current situation in South Sudan. The SPLA is not, I repeat, is not the legitimate Government of South Sudan (GOSS) because it does not have the political mandate from the people of south Sudan. It is not transparent, comprehensive and inclusive. It is corrupt and too ethnocentric and undemocratic entity.
Therefore, it is a time now to launch a political offensive, to prepare the ground for take over of the GOSS because the operation will follow by kicking out of SPLA/M civil servants in those areas, and replaced by SSUDA/SSDF highly qualified, experienced and graduates civil services.
SSUDA urges and appeals to the GOS to do the right thing. It must and ought to suspend handing over the 50% of our oil revenue to a tribalist led and brutal government in Juba. Any continuing of such money the GOS will risk the oil business at this time. SSUDA/SSDF also calls on the GOS to negotiate in good faith with the political leaders as soon as possible. The SPLA provokes this situation because it is looking for an alibi to warrant the UN and the US intervention in Sudan.
We urge and appeal to the international community to suspend all payments of the pledged $4.5 b to the tribal government in Juba. We also urge and appeal to the US Department of State and the USAID to review their policy in south Sudan. It will not be in the best of interest of the United States in both short and long terms. The IGAD, the UK, the USA, Norway and Italy the main player on the peace in Sudan to convene an unconditional South-South dialogue for equitable power and wealth sharing between the SSUDA/SSDF and the SPLM/A. SSUDA/SSDF is on the record on this desire to dialogue. We call for the installation of a representative government, bureaucracy, and the separate south Sudan armed forces that have no loyalty to any party but the nation as a whole.
The current politico-military developments in South Sudan could trigger a bloody South-South civil war similar to Angola in the aftermath of independence in 1978 from Portugal and East Timor in the aftermath of the departure of Portugal in 1975, then, followed by illegal Indonesian occupation and the bloodshed in 1999 before independence in 2000. Have we not learned at all from the 1991-1994 devastations of inter-factional, inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic fighting? We should not allow history to repeat itself because we have forgotten it.
The South Sudan Defense Forces (SSDF) General Staff Command remains on maximum alert because of SPLA incursions into our controlled areas and the oil fields. We urge and appeal to Mr. Salva Kiir and Dr. Riak Machar to immediate halt these provocative incursions because they could ignite a state of hostility between the mighty SSDF and the SPLA. We wanted to avert a South-South war. Let us unite democratically to determine the destiny of our people and country as equal. We have all fought in the South. Hence, anyone who thinks of marginalization of any groups in the affairs of the South is surely, out of his/her mind. The South does not belong to the SPLA or SSDF but it belongs to all.
Signed; David D. Chand, SSUDA/ SSDF Vi